The American Curl Cat is one of the youngest cat breeds, famous for its uniquely shaped ears. Their ears curl back from the face towards the back of the skull.
This trademark is the result of spontaneous genetic mutation. In show rings, it is preferred that the cat’s curl arch is in between 90 and 180 degrees. However, some cats are born with almost straight ears. But that does not diminish their overall beauty.
This medium-sized breed comes in every color and pattern and is the first cat breed which standard permits with both long and short coat.
This is a gentle and mild tempered breed that seeks attention and enjoys spending time with children. This is an easy to maintain and moderately active cat that stays an eternal child and enjoys playing even when older.
It is a medium-sized cat with a strong, muscularly built long body and surprisingly small head. Their trademark, the ears, are highly set and curl backward giving the breed almost surprised look.
The kittens are born with straight ears that start to curl back within 4 or 5 days. It takes 16 weeks for the ears to gain their permanent curled shape.
The Curls can have a short or a long silky flat-lying coat in any color and expressive walnut-shaped eyes.
After six months Shulamith produced a litter of four. Two of four kittens had the same curly ears as their mother. One of those two kittens, a black long-haired female, named Mercedes was acquired by Nancy Kiester.
In 1983 Kiester and Rugas exhibited Shulamith and Mercedes at a cat show in Palm Springs attracting huge attention from other cat fanciers.
Genetic testing was done by a famous feline geneticist Roy Robertson who determined that the signature trait is the result of a dominant gene. Thereafter, selective breeding programs began and the standard for the new breed have been established.
The newly developed breed was named American Curl and registered by the Cat Fanciers Association in 1986. The International Cat Association followed suit and recognized the breed in 1987.
The interesting fact about the American Curl is that, it is the first single breed with two coat types recognized by the Cat Fanciers Association.
The American Curl is a medium-sized breed with a well-balanced body that is semi-foreign in type. Curls are elegant and moderately muscled, slender rather than massive in build.
This is a slow maturing breed, meaning that Curls won’t reach their full size until they are 2 to 3 years old.
As with all other cat breeds, males of this breed are larger and weigh from 7-12 pounds. Females are slightly smaller and weigh from 5-8 pounds, but can gain weight easily. Wellness CORE is a good dietary choice to keep your indoor cat at ideal weight.
The American Curls are known for retaining their playful nature throughout their long lifespans. These cats form a strong attachment to their owners and like following them around without being demanding.
They are not an overly talkative breed but will always try to seek attention and food by head-butting or by rubbing against their owner’s feet.
Being friendly and social cats, they get along with everyone. They are also known to happily greet guests and their owners by the front door.
Since this is a smart and playful breed, a toy like Interactive Treat Maze & Puzzle Feeder is an excellent choice to keep them occupied. This is a lively and inquisitive breed that knows how to open cabinets.
The American Curl has a deep interest in its surroundings. Once these cats get tired from exploring, they are more than happy to jump in their owner’s lap and spend the rest of the day napping.
Curls have dog-like temperaments and are very attentive to the needs of their owners. Needless to say, Curls are extremely people-oriented, but they aren’t ‘in your face’ type of cats.
The joyous Curl will observe everything you are doing and try to help in any way it can. However, they are smart enough to figure when their assistance isn’t needed and will be content just to keep you company and be close by.
However, if left alone for longer periods of time, they can develop separation anxiety. This can result in excessive meowing, going outside the litter box, excessive self-grooming, or loss of appetite.
To prevent these issues from arising, consider your schedule and the presence of other pets before you bring a Curl into your home.
If you are away from home for a better part of the day you might need to reconsider getting an American Curl as a pet.
The American Curl is highly adaptable breed. So it reacts very well to new situations and surroundings.
This trait, combined with their joyous nature makes them great pets for people of all ages and families with children. This breed also adjusts well to living with other cats and dogs and treats them with respect.
This is a moderately active breed that requires some exercise to stay in perfect shape. The American Curl loves to play fetch and toys like Wool Felt Ball Toys will surely keep them exercised and entertained.
This breed likes to jump and climb, and Kitty City Cat Condo will fulfill these urges and keep them fit. It enjoys interacting and playing with its owner. With a GoCat Da Bird Rod you can provide hours of exercise and fun for your furry companion.
The Curl is a moderately active cat that likes being perched on higher surfaces. Being up high will give these cats a chance to observe everything you are doing without being in your way.
With multiple perching and condo areas, this multi-level cat tree is every Curl’s dream.
As you can see, it has numerous scratching surfaces and dangling toys which will stimulate the cat and keep her exercised.
Don’t be surprised if your Curl decides that your bed is the place she wants to be.
However, every cat needs a cozy bed of its own, and your feline will appreciate having more sleeping options.
This cat bed is best for American Curls that like to stretch out in their sleep. They will enjoy napping on a super plush mat style bed like this one. It features a non-slip bottom that ensures that the bed stays in one place. It is also completely machine washable.
Thanks to the diversity in its bloodline, this breed has an excellent health and no known genetic health problems.
However, due to uniquely shaped ears, this breed is known to develop ear problems because of a narrower ear canal.
- Ear Infections: The narrower ear canals causes more wax to build up which results in frequent ear infections. It is important that owners pay special care and clean the cat’s ears. Use Zymox Otic to successfully treat chronic and acute ear infections.
- Obesity: This breed can become obese if not fed properly. Stick to weight control food, like Hill’s Science Diet to prevent obesity. Talk with your vet so he can design a proper meal plan for your cat.
Curls need a lot of protein and fat in their diet. Foods that contain carbohydrates should be avoided since they can quickly become obese.
Featuring tasty mackerel and lamb, this loaf style canned cat food will be appealing even to pickiest American Curls. This food is suitable for all life stages and designed to support joint health as well.
This is a very healthy breed, with an average lifespan of 15 years. Since they don’t have any genetic health problems, some cats live for 20 years.
Because of the unique structure of their ears, this breed is prone to wax buildup. Vibrac Epi-Otic Cleaner is safe for regular use and will keep ear infections at bay.
Their coat is silky and soft to the touch and can be short or semi-long. With both variations, the coat lies close to the body and is fairly easy to maintain.
The short-haired cats need to be groomed once a week with a curry brush. The Kong Zoom Groom helps remove dead hairs and skin cells and distributes skin oils through the coat.
Longhaired Curls need to be groomed two to three times a week. The Hartz Slicker Brush For Cats can help maintain their coat in perfect condition. This practice will remove loose hair and keep the coat soft and tangle free.
Both longhaired and shorthaired American Curls have a little undercoat and shed minimally. As mentioned above, short-haired Curls need to be groomed less frequently than the long-haired Curls.
You can expect some loose hair during the shedding season. However, the shedding can be minimized with regular grooming. To remove mats and tangles use combs like Detangler Tool with long and short comb teeth.
No specific colors or patterns are associated with the American Curl. Thus, every cat is different when it comes to their coat color.
The most commonly seen colors include white, black, blue, cream, red, chocolate, lilac, brown, buttercream, gold, and tortoiseshell.
When it comes to patterns, these cats can be found in bi-colors, points, shades, stripes, calico, smoke, tabby, solids, and tortoiseshell.
The American Curl loves to play and to spend time with children. This is a fairly unique trait in the cat world.
Their social and funny nature makes them a great choice for homes with older children who know how to play and treat a cat with respect. But it is advisable to supervise toddlers and younger children. You don’t want them to accidentally pull a cat by its ears or tail!
This breed has a tolerant and mild nature and gets along well with other household pets. Once introduced to other pets, the Curl will give them time to adjust to the new situation.
This breed likes dogs and will behave friendly towards them if properly introduced. The American Curl Cat stays the eternal child and also enjoys playing her whole life.
Curls seek the company of children and will spend hours playing with them. So, give your child a Cat Chaser Light Toy and let him tease the cat for hours of fun.
How Much Does an American Curl Cat Cost?
The price of American Curls depends on several factors, like type, markings, and bloodlines. Purebred Curls cost approximately $1000 or more than $2000 when obtained from experienced and well-known breeders.
Pet quality Curls that have almost straight ears cost less. But show quality American Curls cost significantly more.
Are American Curl Cats Hypoallergenic?
Some cat breeds produce fewer Fel d1 protein which is the main allergen. Still, there isn’t a completely hypoallergenic cat breed.
So far there is no evidence that the American Curl Cats produce fewer Fel d1 protein. So, if you suffer from allergies you might have to rethink about getting a Curl as a pet.