Persian Cat Characteristics (Quick Facts)
Size: Medium. Chubby body.
Exercise Needs: Needs a lot of exercise.
Ability to Adapt: High. Adjusts quickly.
Shedding: Sheds a lot.
Average Lifespan: From 10-15 years.
Price: From $500 to $1500.
Weight: From 7-12 lbs.
Playfulness: Lone ranger.
Social Skills: Alright with children & other pets.
Need for Grooming: Once every day.
Health: A sickness magnet.
The Persian Cat is one of the most popular breeds in the world. This is a medium-sized cat with a sweet disposition and round appearance.
Their sturdy muscular bodies are supported by short and thick legs that end in large firm paws. The fully plumed tail is short but proportional to the length of the body.
Their large round head is adorned with large round eyes, short muzzle, full cheeks, and small ears with rounded tips. The long shiny coat has a soft texture and comes in a variety of colors and completes the Persian’s look.
This docile, affectionate, and calm cat likes to spend her time lounging in soft chairs. These loving cats that don’t seek much attention and are a pleasure to have around.
Where Did Persian Cat Breed Originate?
The Persian is an old breed that originated in Persia, modern-day Iran, but little is known about the breed’s exact origin. Some believe that the long coat is caused by the naturally occurring mutation.
The first ancestors of today’s Persians were imported from Iran in 1620. The Italian nobleman Pietro della Valle is credited to have brought the first long-haired cats into Europe.
These cats become popular pets and were especially cherished for their dignified look and temperament. Thus, it comes as no surprise that the Persian was one of the first breeds exhibited at the Crystal Palace cat show in London in 1871.
Through selective breeding, cat fanciers started to create the Persian breed we know today.
They were bred to have a round face, short nose, full cheeks, big eyes, and a sturdy body. However, over time due to selective breeding, these features become exaggerated.
That’s why today, the Persian comes in two types, traditional and show.
This breed was first imported in the US in the late 19th century where they soon become the nation’s favorites. They even surpassed the long-haired Maine Coon Cat in popularity.
The Persian is recognized by all cat organizations. Furthermore, it is one of the most popular cat breeds worldwide.
What Does the Persian Cat Look Like?
The Persian is a medium-sized breed with a distinctive appearance and cobby appearance. These cats have well-boned sturdy bodies and thick, strong short legs.
The neck is short and thick, and the tail is shorter than the body and fully plumed. The large round head is the trait that makes Persians easily recognizable.
Large round eyes, short nose, full cheeks, and small ears with rounded tips complete the look.
The traditional or doll-faced Persians have the original, less extreme features. The show or peke-faced Persians have flat faces and very short noses.
With regards to size standards, the Persian should be medium in size with a cobby body type. Ideally, the cat should have a heavily boned and well-balanced body with good muscle tone and no signs of obesity.
Persian Cat Colors
This breed comes in a variety of colors and patterns. For show purposes, the colors are divided into divisions.
So, there is a solid division that includes black, white, blue, red, cream, chocolate, and lilac. Then there are silver and golden divisions of chinchilla and shaded silver and golden.
Additionally, there are also smoke and shaded, tabby, particolored, and bi-color divisions.
Persian Cat Personality Traits
Affectionate and quiet Persian makes an excellent lap cat! They love to lie in their owners’ laps and be petted.
This is a sedate and docile breed that prefers lounging in cat bed and relaxing in the peace and quiet of her home. Therefore, these cats aren’t best suited for people with active lifestyles and loud environments.
This isn’t a demanding breed, and they are content with the amount of affection you are willing to give them. However, they will return any given affection tenfold.
Although loving, Persians are discriminating cats and they are rarely affectionate towards strangers. They are fully devoted to their owners and a few lucky guests they appreciate.
It is highly unlikely that you will find your Persian climbing curtains or jumping on furniture. These are dignified cats that are most comfortable on the ground or in a lap.
So, you will have to be creative and invent fun ways to get your cat moving. Get a scratching post to keep your cat from scratching your furniture and to get her nails trimmed.
This is an undemanding breed that won’t develop any issues being at home alone. However, get your cat a ball tower to keep her active when you aren’t around.
Persians have docile, calm, affectionate, and gentle temperaments. Although a bit reserved towards strangers, these cats have ample love for their owners and form lifelong bonds.
The Persian is a quiet breed, and their voices are not heard often. However, they will tell you in a soft and melodious tone that it is time for a meal or a little play.
An easy-going and tolerant Persian is the happiest while sitting in your lap or ruling over your home from the coziest chair!
Persian Cat Behavior
Being a laid back and mellow cat, the Persian rarely develops any behavioral problems. They don’t ask much –regular meals, a bit of play, and a lot of love is all that your Persian really needs.
However, even the tolerant Persian can have its buttons pushed and lash out if annoyed and bothered. Consequently, you may end up with a scratch or two, or even bitten in the worst-case scenario.
The good news is that none of this will happen if you respect your cat and treat her right. Don’t forget to tell your kids that pulling a cat’s tail is a no-no and teach them how to pet a Persian properly.
Are Persian Cats Adaptable to New Surroundings?
The good-natured Persian adjust well to changes. This is a highly adaptable breed that conforms to the needs of its owner.
Properly socialize this cat from a young age to get her to be accepting of strangers. Generally, if you provide, food, shelter, and enough cuddles, your Persian will adjust to a new home without problems.
This cat can be best described as being a couch potato! They love to lounge in sofas and perch beds.
Therefore, you will have to play with your cat every day for 30 minutes to keep her in shape. These cats have a playful spirit, so use feather toys to pique your cat’s interest.
Does It Get Along with Children and Other Pets?
The calm and docile Persian isn’t the best choice for noisy households with small children. This quiet and dignified cat gets along with kids who can admire her beauty from a distance.
However, they don’t mind being the focus of the child’s attention and like to be petted occasionally. The same thing applies to other cats and dogs or family pets.
The Persian will tolerate pets that respect her need for beauty naps. If presented with a choice, the Persian will always pick lounging in its owner lap over playing.
However, they are known to be playful and interested in games occasionally. Therefore, be prepared and have a variety of toys at your disposal for a time when your cat is in the mood for play.
General Health and Potential Risks
Due to poor breeding practices and facial structure, Persians are prone to an array of health problems. However, this doesn’t mean that your cat is going to be ill.
Many cats don’t develop any of the following problems during their lives.
- Polycystic Kidney Disease: This is a hereditary condition that causes a cat to be born with small cysts in her kidneys. As the cat matures the cysts grow larger and disrupt normal kidney function leading to renal failure.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy: It’s a hereditary condition that causes a degeneration of the photoreceptors in the retina. In Persians, this condition causes problems early in life. Therefore, the first symptoms start to appear when a kitten is 4 to 8 weeks old. Affected kittens become completely blind by the time they are 15 weeks old.
- Excessive Tearing: It is characterized by the overflow of the tears from the eyes. Normally the excess tears will drain into the tear duct which is in the corner of the eye near the nose. However, the Persian’s squashed in face doesn’t allow the tears to drain properly. To avoid infections and minimize tear stains use cat tear stain remover.
- Seborrhea Oleosa: This is a skin disorder that occurs when the sebaceous glands produce too much sebum. This condition causes oily skin, flakes and red, inflamed, itchy skin. The treatment includes omega 3 supplements and medicated seborrheic shampoo.
- Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome: The breed’s signature trait, the squashed face, causes breathing problems. This syndrome refers to a particular set of upper airway abnormalities that cause difficulty breathing. Symptoms include coughing, gagging, and snoring. Treatment varies depending on the case and can include corticosteroids, oxygen therapy or surgery.
Persian Cat Lifespan
The Persian has an average lifespan of 10-15 years. However, these cats are prone to an array of health problems that are associated with their facial structure.
So, if you are planning to get this breed, you should go for a doll-faced Persian. They don’t have such short noses and don’t suffer from breathing difficulties.
Compared to its short-haired counterpart, the Exotic Shorthair, the Persian is high maintenance breed. The double-layered long and soft coat needs constant care.
It is advisable to brush your cat daily with a stainless-steel comb to prevent mats and tangles. Regular grooming will help you minimize shedding and keep the coat in pristine condition.
Additionally, you will have to bathe your Persian at least once a month. Use a shampoo and conditioner and start bathing your cat from a young age.
Persian Cat Shedding
The breed’s thick and long coat sheds constantly, and your Persian will leave hairs around your home all year-round. To keep the shedding under control, use a slicker brush and groom your cat at least four times a week.
Breed Related FAQ
In this section, we answer frequently asked questions about the Persian Cat. Read on to learn more about this royal looking and dignified breed!
How Much is Persian Cat Price?
The exact price of a Persian kitten depends on a breeder and several other factors. On average, you can expect to pay from $500 to $1500 for a purebred kitten.
Keep in mind that while pet quality kittens are at the lower end of the price spectrum, you should still get a health guarantee from the breeder. Show quality Persians can be expensive depending on the coat color, face type, and heritage.
How Big Do Persian Cats Get?
As with all other cat breeds, males are larger and usually weigh from 10-12 pounds. Females are slightly smaller and weigh from 7-9 pounds.
Despite their round appearance, Persians shouldn’t be fat! To prevent weight gain and hairballs, feed your cat with a hairball control cat food.
Being a sedate cat, your Persian can easily pack on the pounds if overfed. Hence, invest in a cat automatic feeder to control your cat’s portions and prevent obesity.
Are Persian Cats Indoor Cats?
Persian cats can go outside, but it is best if they are kept as indoor-only cats. This way you will keep your cat protected from diseases and car accidents. Also, being indoors will ensure that your Persian doesn’t get stolen by someone who wants an expensive cat without paying for it.
Are Persian Cats Friendly?
The easy-going and docile Persian is a friendly cat that gets along with everyone, including children, other cats, and dogs. Since they tend to be very calm, Persians don’t appreciate being pestered to play and get along best with people who appreciate their superior qualities.
Are Persian Cats Smart?
Persians are a lot of things, but they aren’t one of the smartest cat breeds out there. However, what they lack in the brain department they make it up with their gorgeous looks and sweet nature.