Characteristics (Quick Facts)
Ability to Adapt:
Need for Grooming:
The Scottish Fold Cat is easily recognizable for its ears that bend forward and down towards the front of the head. This is a medium-sized breed with a well-rounded body and short or medium-long legs.
Their heads are also round and sport short noses, and broadly spaced round large eyes. The folded ears can have one-fold or double or triple crease that causes the ears to lie totally flat against the head.
Their coat comes in various colors and can be both short and long. The long-haired variety is known as a Highland Fold.
This is a social, mellow, and affectionate cat that likes interacting with people. They form strong bonds with their owners and like to follow them around.
The Scottish Fold is a smart and moderately active cat that doesn’t like being left alone.
Where Did Scottish Fold Cat Breed Originate?
The Scottish Fold is the result of a naturally occurring mutation that is caused by a dominant gene. The original Scottish Fold was Suzie, a white cat that was living on a farm near Coupar Angus in Perthshire, Scotland.
Suzie earned her keep thanks to her excellent mouser skills, and not because of the unusually looking folded ears. She might have spent all her life in obscurity chasing mice if she had not been noticed by a shepherd in 1961.
William Ross was a neighboring farmer and a cat fancier who immediately recognized the rarity of Suzie’s ears. Thus, when she had a litter Ross acquired a female kitten with folded ears and named her Sans.
With the help of geneticist Pat Turner, Ross started the breeding program.
In 1966, Ross registered the breed with the Governing Council of Cat Fancy in Great Britain. In 1971 the first Scottish Folds were imported into the US.
However, the breed was not accepted for showing in Europe and Governing Council of Cat Fancy stopped registering them in 1971.
What Does the Scottish Fold Cat Look Like?
The medium-sized body is rounded and gives this breed a fuller appearance. They have rounded heads and faces with short noses and widely spaced large round eyes.
The folded ears are the distinctive feature of this breed. Originally the ears had only one-fold, but due to selective breeding, breeders increased the fold to a double or triple crease. This caused the ears to lie totally flat against the head.
Kittens are born with straight ears that may or may not fold when they are about 3 weeks old. The small, folded ears fit like a cap over the rounded head and give this breed an owlish appearance.
This breed can have a short or long coat, and the long-haired variety is known as Highland Fold.
As per size standards, this should be a medium-size breed with a rounded appearance. The body should be well-rounded with a padded look and short to medium-long legs.
Scottish Fold Cat Colors
The soft and plush coat of the Scottish Fold Cat comes in a variety of different colors and patterns. The most widespread colors include white, black, cream, red, blue, and silver.
Most common patterns include tabby, tabby and white, bi-color, and parti-color.
Scottish Fold Cat Personality Traits
This breed has a habit of posing in strange positions. So don’t be surprised if your cat is sitting with her legs stretched out and with paws on her belly.
They are also known to sit up like a meerkat or lying flat on their backs with all four paws in the air.
This is an easy-going and friendly cat that forms deep bonds with its owners. For this reason, they like to follow their caregivers around the house and will curl next to them on the sofa.
The Folds are sweet and mellow cats that enjoy receiving attention. They will be involved in all family activities and happily chase after catnip toys.
Being moderately active, Folds loves games that involve human interaction. So, entertain and exercise your cat with feather teasers, or with games of fetch and tag.
This is a curious breed that likes to open cabinets to see if there is something to play with or snack on. Thus, you may find yourself baby proofing your house against this clever cat.
The Scottish Fold loves playing with puzzle toys that will reward his dexterity with treats or kibble.
This friendly and outgoing breed loves interacting and spending time with its family above everything else. While not overly demanding, your cat will speak her mind using a quiet chirpy voice when necessary.
The affectionate and attention seeking Fold won’t appreciate being left alone for hours on end. So, consider getting another cat if you won’t be at home for a better part of the day.
However, when you do come home, your cat will wait for you by the front door ready to play and receive affection.
Scottish Fold Cat Behavior
When provided with enough affection and attention, the Folds make excellent pets.
You should consider how much time you will be able to devote to your cat daily. Because, if left alone for longer periods of time, your cat can become depressed, or develop separation anxiety.
These issues are commonly seen in attention-seeking breeds and will likely happen if your cat is stuck at home alone for hours on end.
Luckily, you can easily prevent these behavioral issues by spending time with your Fold and playing with her daily.
Are Scottish Fold Cats Adaptable to New Surroundings?
This is a highly adaptable breed that adjusts well to all changes thrown her way. However, they tend to become highly attached to their owners and don’t like being left alone or ignored.
Therefore, daily interaction and a lot of love will help your cat adapt to new environments and people in no time.
The moderately active Scottish Fold likes games that involve human interaction. Hence, you can keep your cat exercised by letting her chase after the laser dot. The Fold will be your number one fan, so do your best to spend at least 20 minutes every day in interactive play.
Does It Get Along with Children and Other Pets?
The mellow and easy-going Folds make great additions to homes with children. This playful and affectionate cat will love to hang out with your child and to play with a variety toy pack.
These cats also get along with other pets and prefer having company if their owners have long working hours.
The relatively energetic Fold loves interacting with its owners. So, spend at least 20 minutes every day playing with your cat. Get a cat toy tunnel and get your cat to run through it by throwing toys she needs to retrieve.
General Health and Potential Risks
The Scottish Fold has very good health. However, some health problems have been observed in this breed.
This doesn’t mean your cat is going to develop any issues, but it is better to learn about all potential problems from the start. The following issues can affect this breed:
- Polycystic Kidney Disease: It’s a hereditary disease that causes a cat to be born with small cysts in her kidneys. As the cat matures, the cysts grow and start to disrupt normal kidney function. There isn’t a specific treatment for this condition currently, but therapy can reduce the symptoms of kidney failure.
- Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: This is a condition that is characterized by the thickening of the heart’s walls. Unfortunately, it is one of the most common heart diseases seen among the majority of cat breeds. Some remain asymptomatic and lead normal lives. However, severe cases lead to congestive heart failure. Genetic testing for this disease is available.
- Osteochondrodysplasia: It’s an abnormality that affects cartilage and bone development. It causes degenerative joint disease especially in the tail, ankles and knees resulting in pain and poor mobility. When it comes to cats with this condition, it is important to handle their tails carefully if it has developed stiffness.
- Ear infections: Due to the unique look of the Folds ears, this breed is prone to the waxy buildup that may lead to frequent ear infections. Symptoms include redness and swelling of the ear, black or yellowish discharge and strong odor. This ailment is easily prevented with regular care. Use ear cleaning solutions to gently wipe your cat’s ears and prevent waxy buildup.
Scottish Fold Cat Lifespan
The Scottish Fold Cat has an average lifespan of 11-14 years.
To prevent hereditary health issues, get your cat from a reputable breeder who will give you a health guarantee. Furthermore, it is wise to check both parents and see if they have any joint problems, and tail stiffness.
Scottish Folds can either have a short or long coat. The short-hair cats have thick and soft coats. Their coats are easy to maintain and can be brushed just twice a week with a grooming glove.
The long-haired version, also known as Highland Fold, has a long coat that is especially dense around upper thighs, ears, toes, and tail. These cats must be brushed three to four times a week with a stainless-steel comb.
Scottish Fold Cat Shedding
The Scottish Fold is a moderate shedder which means that it will lose a steady amount of hair during the year.
Furthermore, they go through a shedding season and will shed even more during the spring and fall.
If you hate the idea of cleaning and finding cat hairs all over your furniture and clothes, don’t get a Scottish Fold as a pet.
Breed Related FAQ
In this section, we answer frequently asked questions about the Scottish Fold Cat. Continue reading to find out more about this sweet looking breed!
How Much is Scottish Fold Cat Price?
The exact price of Scottish Fold Cat depends on the breeder and the appearance of the ears. Generally, you can expect to spend from $1000 to $2000 for a purebred kitten in the US. On the other hand, in the UK, Folds will cost in between ₤600 and ₤1200.
Cats with completely tipped ears are at the higher end of the price spectrum, and Folds with straight ears cost significantly less.
How Big Do Scottish Fold Cats Get?
Generally, male Folds are slightly larger and weigh from 9-13 pounds. Female cats are smaller and weigh from 6-9 pounds.
Don’t confuse the Fold’s rounded and padded appearance for being fat. This is a sturdy cat that needs to eat high-protein food to maintain proper weight.
They have tendencies to steal food from their owners’ plates and indulge in treats. Therefore, make sure that your cat is fed according to her age and activity level to prevent obesity.
Are Scottish Fold Cats Hypoallergenic?
While some cats are considered less allergenic, there isn’t such a thing as a completely hypoallergenic breed.
Although, Scottish Folds are extremely cute, this breed isn’t less allergenic, and it won’t be a good choice if you suffer from allergies.
Are Scottish Fold Cats Good Pets?
The sweet and calm Scottish Fold bonds deeply with its owners and is a real pleasure to live with. If you can give the Fold ample love and affection, it will be the greatest pet you ever had.
Are Scottish Folds Lap Cats?
Although they are affectionate and love to be petted, Folds aren’t good lap cats. Generally, they prefer to be somewhere near you, rather than on you.