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- Polycystic Kidney Disease: This is a hereditary condition that causes a cat to be born with small cysts in her kidneys. As the cat matures the cysts grow larger and disrupt normal kidney function leading to renal failure.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy: It’s a hereditary condition that causes a degeneration of the photoreceptors in the retina. In Persians, this condition causes problems early in life. Therefore, the first symptoms start to appear when a kitten is 4 to 8 weeks old. Affected kittens become completely blind by the time they are 15 weeks old.
- Excessive Tearing: It is characterized by the overflow of the tears from the eyes. Normally the excess tears will drain into the tear duct which is located in the corner of the eye near the nose. However, the squashed in face doesn’t allow the tears to drain properly. To avoid infections and minimize tear stains use cat tear stain remover.
- Seborrhea Oleosa: This is a skin disorder that occurs when the sebaceous glands produce too much sebum. This condition causes oily skin, flakes and red, inflamed, itchy skin. The treatment includes omega 3 supplements and medicated seborrheic shampoo.
- Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome: The squashed face of the Persian Cats causes breathing problems. This syndrome refers to a particular set of upper airway abnormalities that cause difficulty breathing. Symptoms include coughing, gagging and snoring. Treatment varies depending on the case and can include corticosteroids, oxygen therapy or surgery.