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Dignified Furball

The Persian Cat

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Breed Group:

Domestic.

Size:

Medium. Chubby body.

Weight:

Lightweight Mouser. From 7-12 lbs.

Exercise Needs:

Absolute couch potato. Needs a lot of exercise.

Ability To Adapt:

High. Quickly adjusts to surroundings.

Health:

A sickness magnet.

Average Lifespan:

From 10-15 years.

Need For Grooming:

Once a everyday. Sheds a lot.

Compatibility:

Alright with children & other pets.

Breed Group:

Domestic.

Size:

Medium. Chubby body.

Weight:

Lightweight Mouser. From 7-12 lbs.

Exercise Needs:

Absolute couch potato. Needs a lot of exercise.

Ability To Adapt:

High. Quickly adjusts to surroundings.

Health:

A sickness magnet.

Average Lifespan:

From 10-15 years.

Need For Grooming:

Once a everyday. Sheds a lot.

Compatibility:

Alright with children & other pets.

Breed Group:

Domestic.

Size:

Medium. Chubby body.

Weight:

Lightweight Mouser. From 7-12 lbs.

Exercise Needs:

Absolute couch potato. Needs a lot of exercise.

Ability To Adapt:

High. Quickly adjusts to surroundings.

Health:

A sickness magnet.

Average Lifespan:

From 10-15 years.

Need For Grooming:

Once a everyday. Sheds a lot.

Compatibility:

Alright with children & other pets.
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The Persian Cat is one of the most popular breeds in the world. This is a medium-sized cat with a sweet disposition and round appearance. Their sturdy muscular bodies are supported by short and thick legs that end in large firm paws. The fully plumed tail is short, but proportional to the length of the body. The large round head is adorned with large round eyes, short muzzle, full cheeks and small ears with rounded tips. The long shiny coat with soft texture comes in a variety of colors and completes the Persian’s look. This is a docile, affectionate and calm cat that likes spending her time laying in soft chairs. These are loving cats that don’t seek much attention and are a pleasure to have around. They aren’t needy and demanding but will return all affection tenfold.

Breed History

The Persian Cat is an old breed that originated in Persia which is modern-day Iran. Little is known of the exact origin of these cats. It is believed that the long coat is caused by the naturally occurring mutation. The first ancestors of today’s Persians were imported from Iran in 1620. The Italian nobleman Pietro della Valle was credited with bringing the first long-haired cats into Europe. These cats become popular pets and were especially cherished for their dignified look and temperament. Thus, it comes as no surprise that the Persian was one of the first breeds exhibited at the Crystal Palace cat show in London in 1871. Through selective breeding, cat fanciers started to create a Persian we have today. The cats were bred to have a round face, short nose, full cheeks, big eyes and sturdy body. However, over time due to selective breeding, these features become exaggerated. That’s why today, the Persian Cat comes in two types, traditional and show. The Persian Cat was first imported in the US in the late 19th century where they soon become the nation’s favorites. They soon surpassed the long-haired Maine Coon Cat in popularity. This breed is recognized by all cat organizations. Furthermore, it is one of the most popular cat breeds worldwide.

Size Standards

The Persian is a medium-sized breed with a distinctive appearance and cobby body. These cats have well-boned sturdy bodies and thick, strong short legs. The neck is short and thick and the tail is shorter than the body and fully plumed. The large round head is the trait that makes Persian Cats easily recognizable. Large round eyes, short nose, full cheeks and small ears with rounded tips complete the look. The traditional or doll-faced Persians have the original, less extreme features. The show or peke-faced Persians have flat faces and very short noses. Male Persians usually weigh from 10-12 pounds. Females are slightly smaller and weigh from 7-9 pounds. Despite their round appearance, these aren’t fat cats. To prevent weight gain and hairballs, feed your cat with a hairball control cat food. This is a sedate breed that can pack on the pounds if fed with inappropriate portions. Invest in a cat automatic feeder to prevent overfeeding and obesity.

Persian Cat Personality Traits

This is an affectionate and quiet breed that makes an excellent lap cat. They love to lie in their owners laps and be petted. This is a sedate and docile breed that prefers lounging in cat bed relaxing in the peace and quiet of her home. Therefore, these cats aren’t best suited for people with active lifestyles and noisy home. The Persian is a quiet breed and their voices are not heard often. However, they will tell you in a soft and melodious tone that it is time for a meal or a little play.
This isn’t a demanding breed and they are content with the amount of affection you are willing to give them. However, they will return any given affection tenfold. The Persian is a discriminating cat that doesn’t have the room in her hear for strangers. They are fully devoted to their owners and a few lucky guests they appreciate. It is highly unlikely that you will find your Persian Cat climbing curtains or jumping on furniture. These are dignified cats that are most comfortable on the ground or in a lap. So, you will have to be creative in order to get your cat moving. Get a scratching post to encourage your cat to stretch and keep her from scratching your furniture. This is an undemanding breed that won’t develop any issues being at home alone. However, get your cat a ball tower to keep her active and engage when you aren’t around.

Adaptability

The good-natured Persian adjust well to changes. This is a highly adaptable breed that conforms to the needs of its owner. Properly socialize this cat from a young age to get her to be accepting of strangers. Generally, as long as you provide, food, shelter and enough cuddles, the Persian will adjust to a new home without problems. This cat can be best described as being a couch potato. They love to lounge in sofas and perch beds. Therefore, you will have to play with your cat every day for 30 minutes to keep her in shape. These cats have a playful spirit, so use feather toys to pique your cat’s interest.

Health and Potential Health Problems

Due to poor breeding practices and facial structure, the Persianis prone to an array of health problems. However, this doesn’t mean that your cat is going to be ill. Many cats don’t develop any of the following problems during the course of their lives.
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease: This is a hereditary condition that causes a cat to be born with small cysts in her kidneys. As the cat matures the cysts grow larger and disrupt normal kidney function leading to renal failure.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy: It’s a hereditary condition that causes a degeneration of the photoreceptors in the retina. In Persians, this condition causes problems early in life. Therefore, the first symptoms start to appear when a kitten is 4 to 8 weeks old. Affected kittens become completely blind by the time they are 15 weeks old.
  • Excessive Tearing: It is characterized by the overflow of the tears from the eyes. Normally the excess tears will drain into the tear duct which is located in the corner of the eye near the nose. However, the squashed in face doesn’t allow the tears to drain properly. To avoid infections and minimize tear stains use cat tear stain remover.
  • Seborrhea Oleosa: This is a skin disorder that occurs when the sebaceous glands produce too much sebum. This condition causes oily skin, flakes and red, inflamed, itchy skin. The treatment includes omega 3 supplements and medicated seborrheic shampoo.
  • Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome: The squashed face of the Persian Cats causes breathing problems. This syndrome refers to a particular set of upper airway abnormalities that cause difficulty breathing. Symptoms include coughing, gagging and snoring. Treatment varies depending on the case and can include corticosteroids, oxygen therapy or surgery.

Lifespan

The Persian has an average lifespan of 10-15 years. However, these cats are prone to an array of health problems that are associated with their facial structure. So if you are planning to get this breed, you should try to get doll-faced Persian Cats. These cats don’t have such short noses and don’t suffer from breathing difficulties.

Grooming Needs

Compared to its short-haired counterpart, the Exotic Shorthair, the Persian is high maintenance breed. The double layered long and soft coat needs constant care. It is advisable to brush your cat daily with a stainless-steel comb to prevent mats and tangles. Regular grooming will help you minimize shedding and keep the coat in pristine condition. Additionally, you will have to bathe your Persian at least once a month. Use a shampoo and conditioner and start bathing your cat from a young age.

Persian Cat Coat Colors

This breed comes in a variety of colors and patterns. For show purposes, the colors are divided into divisions. So, there is a solid division that includes black, white, blue, red, cream, chocolate and lilac. Then there are silver and golden divisions of chinchilla and shaded silvers and goldens. Additionally, there are also smoke and shaded, tabby, particolor and bi-color divisions.

Compatibility with Children & Other Pets

The calm and docile Persian isn’t the best choice for noisy households with small children. This is a quiet and dignified cat that gets along with kids who can admire her beauty from a distance. However, they don’t mind being the focus of the child’s attention and like to be petted once in a while. The same thing applies for other cats and dogs or family pets. The Persian will tolerate pets that respect her need for beauty naps. If presented with a choice, the Persian will always pick lounging in its owner lap over playing. However, these cats are known to be playful and interested in games every once in a while. Therefore, be prepared and have a variety of toys at your disposal for a time when your cat is up for play.