The Scottish Fold Cat is easily recognizable for its ears that bend forward and down towards the front of the head. This is a medium-sized breed with a well-rounded body and short or medium-long legs.
Their heads are also round and sport short noses, and broadly-spaced round large eyes. The folded ears can have one fold or double or triple crease that causes the ears to lie totally flat against the head.
Their coat comes in various colors and can be both short and long. The long-haired variety is known as a Highland Fold.
This is a social, mellow and affectionate cat that likes interacting with people. They form strong bonds with their owners and like to follow them around.
The Scottish Fold is a smart and moderately active cat that doesn’t like being left alone.
The Scottish Fold Cat is the result of a naturally occurring mutation that is caused by a dominant gene. The original Scottish Fold was Suzie, a white cat that was living on a farm near Coupar Angus in Perthshire, Scotland.
Suzie earned her keep thanks to her excellent mouser skills, and not unusually looking folded ears. She might have spent all her life in obscurity chasing mice if she had not been noticed by a shepherd in 1961.
William Ross was a neighboring farmer and a cat fancier who immediately recognized the rarity of Suzie’s ears. Thus, when she had a litter Ross acquired a female kitten with folded ears and named her Sans.
With the help of geneticist Pat Turner, Ross started the breeding program.
In 1966, Ross registered the breed with the Governing Council of Cat Fancy in Great Britain. In 1971 the first Scottish Folds were imported into the US.
By the mid 1970s, the Folds were recognized by most cat associations in North America.
However, the breed was not accepted for showing in Europe and Governing Council of Cat Fancy stopped registering them in 1971.
This is a medium-size breed with a rounded appearance. The body is well-rounded with a padded look and short to medium-long legs. They have rounded heads and faces with short noses and widely spaced large round eyes.
The folded ears are the distinctive feature of this breed. Originally the ears had only one fold, but due to selective breeding, breeders increased the fold to a double or triple crease. This caused the ears to lie totally flat against the head.
Kittens are born with straight ears that may or may not fold when they are about 3 weeks old. The small folded ears fit like a cap over the rounded head and give this breed an owlish appearance.
This breed can have a short or long coat, and the long-haired variety is known as Highland Fold.
Male Scottish Fold Cat is slightly larger and weighs from 9-13 pounds. Female cats are smaller and weigh from 6-9 pounds.
Don’t confuse the Fold’s rounded and padded appearance to being fat. This is a sturdy cat that needs to eat a high-protein food in order to maintain proper weight.
These cats have tendencies to steal food from their owners plates and indulge in treats. Therefore, make sure that your cat is fed according to her age and activity level to prevent obesity.
These cats have a habit of posing in strange positions. So don’t be surprised if your cat is sitting with her legs stretched out and with paws on her belly.
They are also known to sit up like a meerkat or lying flat on their backs with all four paws in the air. This is an easy-going and friendly cat that forms deep bonds with its owners.
For this reason, they like to follow their caregivers around the house and will curl next to them on the sofa.
The Folds are sweet and mellow cats that enjoy receiving attention. They will be involved in all family activities and happily chase after catnip toys.
This is a moderately active cat that loves games that involve human interaction. So entertain and exercise your cat with feather teasers, or with games of fetch and tag.
This is a curious breed that likes to open cabinets to see if there is something to play with or snack on. Thus, you may find yourself baby proofing your house against this clever cat.
The Scottish Fold Cat loves playing with puzzle toys that will reward his dexterity with treats or kibble.
This is an affectionate and attention seeking breed that won’t appreciate being left at home alone. It is best to get another cat or a dog to keep the Fold busy when you aren’t around.
However, when you do come home, your cat will wait for you by the front door ready to play and receive affection.
This is a highly adaptable breed that adjusts well to all changes thrown her way. However, the Fold is highly attached to its owners and doesn’t like being left alone or ignored.
Therefore, daily interaction and a lot of love will help your cat adapt to new environments and people in no time.
This is a moderately active breed that loves games that involve human interaction. Keep your cat exercised by letting her chase after the laser dot. Since these cats love being close to their owners, try spending at least 20 minutes every day in interactive play.
The Scottish Fold Cat has a very good health. However, some health problems have been observed in this breed.
This doesn’t mean your cat is going to develop any issues, but it is better to learn about any potential problems from the start. The following issues can affect the Scottish Fold Cat:
- Polycystic Kidney Disease: It’s a hereditary disease that causes a cat to be born with small cysts in her kidneys. As the cat matures, the cysts grow and start to disrupt normal kidney function. There isn’t a specific treatment for this condition currently, but therapy can reduce the symptoms of kidney failure.
- Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: This is a condition that is characterized by the thickening of the heart’s walls. This is one of the most common heart diseases seen among the majority of cat breeds. Some remain asymptomatic and lead normal lives. However, severe cases lead to congestive heart failure. Genetic testing for this disease is available.
- Osteochondrodysplasia: It’s an abnormality that affects cartilage and bone development. It causes degenerative joint disease especially in the tail, ankles and knees resulting in pain and poor mobility. When it comes to cats with this condition, it is important to handle their tails carefully if it has developed stiffness.
- Ear infections: Due to the unique look of the Folds ears, this breed is prone to the waxy buildup that may lead to frequent ear infections. Symptoms include redness and swelling of the ear, black or yellowish discharge and strong odor. This ailment is easily prevented with regular care. Use ear cleaning solutions to gently wipe your cat’s ears and prevent waxy buildup.
The Scottish Fold Cat has an average lifespan of 11-14 years.
To prevent hereditary health issues, get your cat from a reputable breeder who will give you a health guarantee. Furthermore, it is wise to check both parents and see if they are suffering from any joint problems and tail stiffness.
Scottish Folds can either have a short or long coat. The short-hair Scottish Fold Cat has a thick and soft coat. Their coats are easy to maintain and need to be brushed twice a week with a grooming glove.
The long-haired version, also known as Highland Fold has a long coat that is especially dense around upper thighs, ears, toes and tail. These cats have to be brushed three to four times a week with a stainless-steel comb.
This breed sheds moderately and loses hair throughout the year and goes through a heavier shed in the spring.
The soft and plush coat of the Scottish Fold Cat comes in a variety of different colors and patterns.
The most widespread colors include white, black, cream, red, blue and silver.
The most commonly seen patterns include tabby, tabby and white, bi-color and particolor.
The mellow and easy-going Folds make great additions to homes with children. This is a playful and affectionate cat that will love hanging out with your child and playing with a variety toy pack.
These cats also get along with other pets and prefer having company if their owners have long working hours.
This is a moderately active breed that loves interacting with its owners. So spend at least 20 minutes every day playing with your cat. Get a cat toy tunnel and get her running through it by throwing toys she needs to retrieve.