The Siberian Cat is a medium-large sized breed with a semi-long triple layered coat. This is a muscular and powerfully built cat with a barreled chest, strong hindquarters and fluffy tail.
Their head is modified wedge-shaped with round counters. Their medium-large ears are adorned with tufts of fur and large round eyes give the breed a sweet expression.
It’s thick and water-resistant coat comes in different colors and is the distinguishing trait of these cats.
This is a sweet and loving cat that likes to give and receive attention. They like to follow their owners around the house and will communicate in a quiet voice. They love meeting new people and will greet guests by the front door.
An active and playful breed by nature, it excels at jumping and can be found at highest places in a house.
The Siberian Cat is one of the oldest cat breeds that lived in Siberian taiga for at least 1000 years. This is a domestic cat that developed its thick water-resistant coat to survive Russia’s subarctic climate.
The Siberians were well known and praised for their hunting abilities. They kept pests away from food and grain stores and that way earned their keep.
This breed was first mentioned in 1871 in a book by Harison Wier which included information of the earliest cat shows in England. The Siberian is a natural breed, but years of selective breeding made it into the pedigree cat we have today. First Siberians were imported in the United States in 1990.
The International Cat Association recognized this breed in 1996, and the American Cat Association followed in 1999. The Cat Fanciers Association formally accepted the breed in 2006. The Siberian is gaining popularity, however, the expense of importing these cats makes them fairly rare outside Europe.
The breed’s formal name is the Siberian Forest Cat but is usually referred to just as Siberian, or Siberian Cat. Moreover, this is the national cat of Russia.
This is a medium to large breed with a strong and powerfully built body. These cats have barreled chest, strong hindquarters, large well-rounded paws and big fluffy tails.
The head has a modified-wedge shape with rounded counters. Their medium-large sized ears are covered with tufts of fur and well protected against cold weather. The large and round eyes can come in copper, green, gold or green-gold color. However, white Siberians can have blue or odd eyes.
The breed’s signature trait is its long triple layered coat that is especially abundant around the neck and hind legs.
The Male Siberian Cats usually weigh from 15-20 pounds. However, neutered males can tip the scales at 25 pounds. Females are slightly smaller and weigh from 12-15 pounds.
This is a powerful and sturdy cat that looks even larger due to its thick coat. However, they shouldn’t be fat and need to eat a high-quality grain free cat food. To prevent obesity feed your cat according to their age and activity level.
This is a sweet, affectionate and people-oriented breed that likes to be involved in lives of its family members. These cats like to follow their owners around the house and want to be helpful. Therefore, your cat will follow you to the bathroom, read the newspapers or watch TV with you.
This is a chatty feline that will talk to you about her day in sweet chirps or trills, an occasional meow and purr.
Despite being hefty, these cats like to jump and climb and are usually found observing their owners from the highest point in the house. So get a tall cat tree and put it somewhere that will allow your feline unobstructed views of its domain.
These cats are also active and playful and will take every opportunity to play with their owners. So, your cat will bring you her favorite catnip toy and wait to play fetch.
They are smart cats and any item can become a plaything including jewelry and shiny valuables. Therefore, keep your cat occupied with a variety of toys and store your belongings under a lock and key.
The Siberians love their family and are one of those cats that get along with everyone. It is affectionate, but not attention seeking and demanding cat. Therefore, your cat will patiently wait until you have enough time for cuddling and petting.
Generally, they don’t mind being left alone and will wait for you by the front door excitedly talking about their day. These cats like to sit in their owners laps, and will curl up next to you when you are sick or feeling blue.
Thanks to its forest-dwelling ancestors and sweet nature, the Siberian is a highly adaptable breed.
These cats like meeting new people and will bring soft balls and instigate fetch games. They also quickly adapt to new environments and conform well according to their owners needs.
Despite its large size, the Siberian is quite agile and active breed. These are energetic cats that love to play with laser toys for cats and generally, enjoy chasing after toys. Due to its energetic nature, this breed knows how to stay in shape if provided with lots of toys.
However, this is a social cat that likes interacting with her owner. So get a feather wand and spend 15 minutes playing with your cat to keep her happy and in great shape.
The Siberian Cat is considered to have a very good health and this breed isn’t prone to an array of health issues.
Thus, future owners don’t have to worry about the costs of long-term medical treatment. However, the following condition has been seen to affect this breed:
- Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: It’s the most common form of heart disease seen in cats. This condition causes the thickening of the heart’s muscle. Cats with mild cases don’t show any symptoms and have completely normal lives. However, severe cases result in congestive heart failure. The disease starts to manifest itself in cats that are 7-10 years old. However, some cats experience first symptoms much earlier.
The Siberian Cat has an average life expectancy of 11-15 years. However, you can prolong your cat’s lifespan with proper care and nutrition.
Being a healthy breed, the only issue in these cats is inheriting HCM from their parents. Therefore, it is important to get your cat from a reputable breeder and check both parents for any heart issues.
The Siberian’s triple long coat is notable for its water repelling properties. The coat has guard, awn and down hair, and is the thickest around the neck and hind legs. The coat and especially the ruff are thicker during the winter.
However, the coat is fairly easy to groom and it doesn’t mat or tangle easily. So brush the coat three times a week to keep it in pristine condition.
A slicker brush will properly distribute skin oils and remove dandruff and dead hair. The coat is prone to matting during spring and fall when Siberians go through a molt.
During this time your cat will shed large clumps of fur and will need daily grooming. So to avoid being covered in cat hair from head to toe, use a deshedding tool and brush your cat daily.
The fluffy and thick coat of the Siberian Cat comes in a variety of colors and patterns.
The most commonly seen solid colors include black, white, gray, blue, red, smoke, cream, brown and orange.
When it comes to the patterns these cats can have tabby, bi-color, tortoiseshell, color-point or tortie coats.
The tolerant and playful Siberian makes a perfect addition to homes with children. These cats love to play with kids and will happily retrieve balls or simply play tag with your child.
They also get along with other cats and dogs if introduced properly. However, this breed aspires to be the top cat of the household and will demand submission from anyone who dares to challenge its rule.
The fun-loving and energetic Siberian Forest Cat is always in the mood to play. Keep it busy and entertained with puzzle toys that will reward her with treats when you aren’t at home.
However, when you are around, instigate your cat’s hunting instincts by letting her chase after a mouse toy. These cats know how to play by themselves, but they also like interacting with their owners. So spend 15 minutes every day playing with your cat in order to fulfill her social needs.